Things to know about Chandrayaan 2 - AfterGen

Things to know about Chandrayaan 2

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Chandrayaan 2 has been successfully launched today at 2:43 pm by ISRO. This is a new step towards some great future Explorations & Inventions.

Chandrayaan 2 is an Indian Lunar mission that will go where no country has reached out till now that is the Moon's south polar region. This discovery will not only help India but would benefit the Humanity as a whole.

But Why Moon ?

The moon is the closest cosmic body at which the space discovery can be attempted as well as documented. It will also help us to test technologies which will be required for deep-space missions.
The Moon provides the best linkage to Earth's History and the unknown record of the solar system.

Since no country or technologies have witnessed the south Pole region of the moon. Thus the lunar South Pole is especially interesting because a larger section of its surface stays in he Shadow than the North Pole. It is assumed that there are some possibility of the presence of water on the moon.. In addition to this The South Polar region has craters that are cold traps containing the fossil record of Early Solar System

Chandrayaan 2 will use the Vikram lander and Pragyan rover to attempt a soft landing in a high plain between two craters — Manzinus C and Simpelius N — at a latitude of about 70° south. 

Chandrayaan 2's orbiter

The orbiter will comprise of  a visible terrain mapping camera, a neutral mass spectrometer, a synthetic aperture radar, a near infrared spectrometer, a radio occultation experiment, a soft X-ray spectrometer and solar X-ray monitor.

Vikram Lander:

The lander, named Vikram, has a mass of 1471 kg (including the rover), and can generate upto 650 W of solar power. The lander can communicate directly to the Indian Deep Space Network, the orbiter, and the rover. The lander will carry a camera, seismometer, thermal profiler, Langmuir probe, and a NASA-supplied laser retroreflector.


The rover, Pragyan is a 6-wheeled vehicle with a mass of 27 kg that runs on 50 W of solar power and can travel up to 500 m at a speed of 1 cm per second. The rover communicates directly with the lander. the rover will hold cameras, alpha-proton X-ray spectrometer, and a laser-induced ablation spectroscopy experiment.

The satellite is supposed to explore the lunar south pole, 11 years after ISRO's successful first lunar mission, Chandrayaan-1, which made more than 3,400 orbits around the moon and was operational for 312 days till August 29, 2009

We congratulate the team ISRO for such huge successful launch making the country proud. Many more researches, observations, technology are yet to be reviled so stay tuned !!

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